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Oe Masafusa 大江匡房 was a Japanese scholar famous for the study of Chinese classics in the late Heian 平安 period. His late work, Godansho 江 談抄, consists of writings edited and compiled by his student, Nosanekane Fujiwara 藤原實兼, from notes he had taken of his conversations. Completed around the Huizong 徽宗 period of the Northern Song dynasty, it records a significant quantity of discussion and anecdotes about Chinese and Japanese poets and their poetry. This article is a comparative study of the contents of Godansho, exploring the connection between it and comparable Northern Song notes on poetry, from the point of view of the definition of poetry, features of the notes, and particular ways of presenting contrary views contained within them. Though the personages and backgrounds differ, the poetry notes in the Godansho are similar in form to those of the Northern Song, especially in structure, the way stories are told, and the main themes. The Godansho is also similar in that it is also a compilation of notes on poetry that does not present any complete systematic poetic theory, and also discusses anecdotes from poetic circles and different forms of poetry.The notes on poetry in Kokan Shiren’s 虎關師鍊 work Saihokushu 濟北 集 are believed to mark the beginning of this form of discourse on Japanese poetry. However, Godansho represents another kind, and contains far more notes than Saihokushu. This implies that Godansho is the earliest Japanese work influenced by Song dynasty literature.
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