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Title: 運動風格經驗的現象學探討
The Embodiment of Sport Style as a Phenomenological Datum
Other Titles: 風格與反風格間的周旋
Between Style and De-style
Authors: 國立臺灣師範大學體育學系
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2011
Publisher: 臺灣身體文化學會、揚智文化事業股份有限公司
Abstract: 本文從自然態度、本質現象學,與發生現象學三個角度,探討運動和看運動的風格經驗,得到的結果,是搖擺於「風格」與「反風格」兩個極端之間的模態。一方面,它是「風格的模態」,指的是自然態度默認下,人們日常行之不覺,對自己或他人運動行為產生的「重複性」、「連續性」、「規律性」的自然假設與體驗;或胡塞爾針對人與世界的關係,進行現象學反思,所得到的「普遍性」、「固定不變」的風格特質;或梅洛龐蒂指稱人與世界的原始接觸,會連續一貫往某個方向偏離,通過「一貫的變形」統整知覺,協調出身體的獨特韻律。另一方面,它是「反風格的模態」,指的是運動經驗的發生、成長,一直充滿著許多差距、斷裂、模糊、不確定的身體感覺,對運動當事人而言,運動的實踐經驗狀態,是一直在打破著自然態度默認或本質現象學描述的風格律動;而對看運動的人而言,置身在各種「多元交疊的看」,則既想照見「風格」的連續影像,也不斷捕捉著「反風格」的斷裂畫面。
This article seeks to suggest that the embodiment of sport ”style” always points to the sport ”de-style”. It then proposes a unified theoretical investigation of the (de)stylized lived experience in performing or visualizing sport. This article finds that, from the standpoint of ”natural attitude”, stylized experience is tacitly accepted as repetition, regularity, and coherency in everyday sport life. From the perspective of eidetic phenomenology, sport style may be reflected as ”law-forms” or ”universalities” in Husserlian words or ”coherent deformation” in Merleau-Ponty's works on art philosophy. However from the perspective of genetic phenomenology, in which the continuous becoming of the sport style is brought into focus, one finds de-stylized experiences govern the development of the sport person over time. Furthermore with the help of this threefold perspectives, this article can thus give an elucidation of sport visualization and make multifarious features of sport styles emerge.
ISSN: 1994-1900
Other Identifiers: ntnulib_tp_F0103_01_040
Appears in Collections:教師著作

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