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Title: 國小學生內在動機、學科知識與創造力表現關聯之研究:教師創造力教學的調節效果
Other Titles: The Relationship among Intrinsic Motivation, Subject Knowledge, and Creative Performance of Students: The Moderating Effect of Teachers' Creativities in Teaching Behavior
Authors: 蕭佳純
Chia-Chun Hsiao
Issue Date: Nov-2012
Publisher: 國立臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系
National Taiwan Normal University Department of Special Education
Abstract: 大約近十年,社會科學續域的學者多已接受了組織現象是宏觀因素與微觀因素相互影響的多層次現象,並將此觀念應用於實證研究。但整體來看,多層次分析仍屬相對少數,國內教育界有關國小學童的創造力研究涉及多層次的論述更是少數。本研究以學生個體層次的內在動機、學科知識與教師層次的創造力教學為自變項,探討三者對學生創造力表現的影響,其中教師創造力教學包含提升創造力意向與增進創造力技能兩大構面,而學生的創造力表現則以共識評量技術邀請三大類型專家衡量之。本研究採用問卷調查法,針對的所學校中333 位國小教師以及3 , 330 位國小高年級學生的調查,使用階層線性模式分析變項之間的關係,分析步驛包括虛無模式、隨機參數迴歸模式、截距預測模式以及斜率預測模式。分析結果顯示內在動機、數理知識以及提升創造力意向對創造力表現有顯著的直接影響效果,且此影響為正向的影響效果。進一步的脈絡調節分析顯示,提升創造力意向於內在動機與創造力表現間具有正向的調節效果,代表內在動機高的學生原本創造力也會較高(正向關係) ,而在教師高度強調提升創造力意向的班級中,這樣的助益效果更強。但創造力意向在數理知識與創造力間扮演著負向的調節效果,代表教師的提升創造力意向教學對於高學科知識學生的加乘效果並不如低學科知識的學生。依據上述結果,本研究針對學生的創造力發展提出對學校及教師的相關建議。
Improving creativity is an increasingly important national goal in Taiwan for meeting the challenges of knowledge-based economies. In recent years, numerous competitions for encouraging creativity were funded by public and private sectors, and several government programs targeted the cultivation of innovative power. The interest in multilevel research has just begun in Taiwan. The objectives ofthis research are twofold.Researchers of organizational behavior and administrative school management have increasingly emphasized the importance of multilevel research. Furthermore, psychologists from various fields have recently highlighted the importance of creativity in educational settings. Recent studies have also indicated that factors other than intelligence such as personality traits(e.g. , intrinsic motivation and subject knowledge) or teachers' traits such as creativity teaching are predictors of students' creativities. Studies regarding creativityhave identified critical individual and contextual variables that contribute to creative performance. However, the psychological mechanisms through which these factors influence creative performance were not systematically investigated. In this study, the influences of intrinsic motivation and subject knowledge are individual-level variables, and creativity teaching is a group-level variable when examining the creativity of students.Thus, the purpose ofthis study is to analyze elementary school students' creativities using multilevel analysis. Methods: The sample used in the study consists of 333 teachers and 3330 students from 43 elementary schools in Taiwan. Hierarchicallinear modeling (HLM) was used to test the moderating effect of creativity teaching for teachers because the individuallevel and teacher level are analyzed in this study. Findings: Findings showed that the intrinsic motivation, subject knowledge, and promotion of creative intentions directly affected the creativity of students. Conversely, the promotion o
Other Identifiers: DF001BBB-4679-FAF8-4D97-4C2272F5FC00
Appears in Collections:特殊教育研究學刊

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