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The Effect of the Inclusion Health and Physical Educational Course upon Peer Attitude toward Mental Retarded Students--Examples from Elementary School in Hsin-chu City�
The purposes of this study was to investigate how the inclusion of health and physical educational course affects grade school students’ attitudes toward mental retarded peers .Total of 99 elementary schoolchildren in Hsin-chu city area from fourth to sixth grade were selected to attend the inclusion course. Fourth-eight out of 99 students were boys and 51 students were girls. Pre and post test experimental design was adopted for this study. Subjects were required to engage tee-ball practice during the ten-week the inclusion of health and physical education course. Pre-test was conducted one day before the inception of the course. Post-test was implemented immediately after the end of the course. The primary observed variable was "Grade Schoolchildren's Attitudes toward Mental Retarded Peers" (including cognitive, emotional and behavioral scales). Several statistic techniques, such as t-test, ANCOVA, were used. The significant level of this research was set at α=.05. After analyzing the data, several conclusions were made as follows; 1. It found that the students in the elementary school showed the more positive attitudes toward their mental retarded peers after attending the inclusion of health and physical educational course. 2. After completing the inclusion of health and physical educational course, girls scales better than boys in terms of the overall attitude scales (including the cognitive, emotional, and behavioral scales at a significant level. 3. After attending the inclusion of health and physical educational course, Fourth-grade students performed better than sixth-grade students in the overall attitude scales. The difference was significant at p<0.05.
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