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Heading toward the 21st century, an era of fast and fundamental changes, there have been a number of vast important curriculum changes for compulsory education in Taiwan. The big ideas behind the current curriculum reform include curriculum intergration, school-based curriculum development, alternative evaluation, team-teaching, and so forth. All these not only cause impacts on school teacher’s teaching, but also bring challenges to curriculum development and pedagogical practices in elementary and junior high schools. Therefore, having critical reflections on curriculum theories and curricular practices has become an urgent need for practitioners to cope with the reform challenges and to put into practice the reform ideals. In this paper, the author not only reviews the practical challenges brought by the current curriculum reform for compulsory education but also examines the current trends in curriculum theory building. Then, based on the concepts of transformative curriculum leadership, the author further explores the essential elements for curriculum praxis and approaches for reconstructing curriculum theories. It is encouraged in this paper that teachers need to be actively involved in theorizing their personal practical knowledge for the construction of practical theories for curriculum praxis.
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