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|Other Titles:||Measurement of Scientific Aptitude of Chinese Junior High School Students|
Department od Education, NTNU
The purpose of this study were to construct instruments for measuring creativity and scientific aptitude of Chinese junior high school students and to investigate environment factors influencing the development of creativity and scientific aptitude. The sample consisted of 3826 seventh and eighth grade students drawn from twenty─four junior high schools in Taipei City, Kaohsiung City and Taiwan Province. Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking, Scientific Aptitude Tests, iographical Inventory, Home Inventory, School Inventory, and Value Scale were constructed or revised, and administered to the subjects. The obtained data were statistically treated by analysis of variance, multiple regression analysis, and factor analysis. The main findings of the study were as follows： 1. Evidence of the reliability and validity of the instruments was provided. 2. In fluency, flexibility and originality aspects of creative thinking, mathematics, physical science, and biology, boys performed significantly better than girls；eighth graders superior to seventh graders；urban students better than rural students, too. 3. Measures of academic achievement, scientific aptitude, biographical inventory, and home inventory together significantly accounted for 8.59% of the variance in creativity of junior high school students. 4. There were seven main factors obtained by factor analysis of all measures included in this study. The first factor was performance in cognitive domain of school work；the second, creative thinking ability；the third, biographical data；the fourth, scientific aptitude；the fifth, physical science achievement；the sixth, value judgment；the seventh, intelligence.
|Appears in Collections:||教育研究所集刊|
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