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|其他標題:||Using Assistive Technology Devices to Teach Two Students Whose Multiple Disabilities Including Visual Impairments in Regular Classroom Settings|
Office of Research and Development
|摘要:||本研究以質性研究方式探究科技輔具對視多障學生參與普通班之學習成效。研究工具包括：「視覺掃瞄與搜尋能力評估表」、「學生班級參與能力檢核表」、「學生 班級適應能力檢核表」、電腦輔助科技軟硬體與訪談題綱。研究者分別針對二位視多障併手部功能障礙學生進行評估、檢核與教學，並訪談其家長、班級教師及資源 班教師。 研究結果顯示，科技輔具的介入確實提昇二位研究對象的視覺掃瞄與搜尋能力，而此二項能力的提升對學生班級參與（參與繳交作業、課堂評量、參與之課堂 數）方面有明顯助益。後續的追蹤觀察亦發現，學生的班級適應能力，活動參與度，自信心與同儕關係均有所改善。文末亦對輔具設計、研究方法、與未來的應用推 廣提出具體建議。|
The purpose of this research was to study the effect of assistive technology devices on the class participation of two students whose multiple disabilities including visual impairments in regular classroom settings. This is a qualitative study, and in-depth interviews were used to investigate the opinions of teachers and parents regarding the learning outcomes when assistive technology devices were used. In addition, the researchers also utilized three checklists to observe and evaluate students’ abilities in visual scanning and searching, class participation, and class adjustment. It was found that assistive technology devices （ATD） improved the students’ visual skills in visual scanning and searching. In addition, ATD helped the students to improve their performance on homework assignments and tests; it also improved their classroom participation, self-confidence, and peer relationships. Moreover, teachers and parents recognized that the improvement in students’ visual scanning and searching abilities would contribute to their participation in the class. Teachers also felt that the ATD intervention was useful for their teaching, curriculum design, homework correction, class management, and presentation of class material. Finally, suggestions for ATD design and the implication for future studies are provided.
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