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|Other Titles:||A comparison ofthe reactions between infants with highversus low-avoidance tendency in induced frustrations|
Shih-Tseng T. Huang
Department of Educational Psychology, NTNU
The present study attempted to compare the reactions of infants with high- and low-avoidance tendency in induced-frustration conditions. Fifty-eight six- to twelve-months-old infants and their mothers participated. In the experimental procedure, half of the infants were assigned to a session where they experienced hislher mother first followed by a stranger, and the other half in a session with reverse encounter order. In each session, infants' heart rates and crying behaviors were recorded in the baseline, cookie-offering, frustration induction, and recovery phases. Results found that infants cried more during frustration phase than cookie-offering phase. For the heart rates, a significant interaction was found between the avoidance and person who induced the frustration. Compared to infants with low-avoidance, infants with high avoidance tendency had more changes changed heart rates when facing strangers. A significant interaction between the avoidance and experimental phases was found. Follow-up analysis found that infants with high avoidance tendency had greater changes in their heart rates during frustration than infants with low avoidance. These findings suggested that in a mild frustration induction procedure, infants with high avoidance tendency exhibited greater changes in heart rates than those with low-avoidance in frustration, particularly in the stranger induced frustration. Understanding the reactions of infants with high avoidance tendency in frustration situation may have important implications for parenting.
|Appears in Collections:||教育心理學報|
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