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The Exhibition Planning and Executive Research of
Taiwan Lantern Festival
This study aims to research festivals, discovering that in Taiwan there are over 214 festival events every year. Moreover, the number and type of festivals are increasingevery year. During the Lantern Festival in Lunar New Year Month, many activities are held, such as lantern festival displays, Sky Lanterns, Bombing Han Dan, Beehive Fireworks, and so on. The Lantern Festival is one of the most representative cultural activities in Taiwan, which makes it a unique Taiwanese cultural and tourism experience. In the past, the Lantern Festival was held only in Taipei, but in 2005,a Lantern Festival was held atAnping Harbor, Tainan. The Taiwan Tourism Bureau combined the area surrounding the main lanterns and festival area with a blessing light displayto forma “luminous environment”, which was very popular and formed a unique style of the Taiwan Lantern Festival. This study uses the Taiwan Lantern Festival luminous environment as a case study, discussing its design and operation during 2004~2013. It is discoveredthat lanterns are the main feature of the Lantern Festival, and that in addition to the attractive appearance, the light is the soul of the lanterns. First of all, the study starts with the physics of light, identifying natural light and artificial light, and then discusses the direct and indirect effect of visible light in order to analyze how traditional lights and LED lights are used to put on the rhythmicdisplays. Based on qualitative research, an open-ended questionnaire format is adopted for in-depth interviewsto collate views and opinions as the main reference for an objective perspective to ensure validity of research. Finally, this study findsthat a luminous environment does not merely consist of lights, which is different from traditional lanterns. The characteristics and the contention of what function lighting performs at local activities, the humanistic aspect, and the showcasingof traditional customs are connected and discussed. Moreover, the aesthetics factors of combining a synthetic luminous environment with art is analyzed. It is not only “how a static description of Methodology is achieved”, but also “what is the function of the dynamic message of the Methodology”. Furthermore, this study attempts to deconstruct the creative concept similar to the land art of Christo Javacheff and Smithson Robert, the neo-impressionism art of Seurat Georges, and the cubism art of Vasarely Victor and Riley Bridget, and explore how the use of digital technology is not merely a lighting show, but is also quite environmentally friendly; and analyzes how to overcome the difference bases and different environmental conditions to seek a more curatorial direction. The Taiwan Lantern Festival luminous environment is now entering its tenth year, and behind the dazzling bright lights, there are some shortcomings. The light shows are performed at night, but in the daylight, a complex structural framework is revealed. This study proposes a “24-hour Luminous Environment” whereby the lanternsare made to be become as spectacular during the day as they are at night. In recent years, the government has often referred to Taiwan’s “soft power”, which represents the appeal and effect of Taiwan’s cultural activities. Chinahas a history of more than 5,000 years, but their large-scale light shows have only been around for 20 years. Taiwan’s Lantern Festivals have been going on for 23 years and has become a famous trademark. The establishment of an international exchange mechanism is critically important in order to facilitate mutual sharing of achievements and experience. Keywords: Taiwan Lantern Festival、Luminous Environment、 Exhibition Planning
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