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An Exploration to the Required Professional Competencies of Public Fine Arts Museums Director in Taiwan
Fine Arts Museums
Taiwan public fine Arts museums have always been regarded as “temples of Taiwanese arts”, but Taiwan public fine Arts museums directors are usually dereliction of duty. In the other hand, enterprises take competencies as key factors in competitive advantage. In consideration of the trend in “New Public Management”, there is no government around the world that hadn’t emulated the spirit of business management to improve their service efficiency. Taiwan Directorate-General of Personnel began to establish core competencies which are involved management and professional competencies for middle and senior supervisors at 2004.The director of Taiwan public fine arts museums is a vital role to direct their staff members to reserve, exhibit, educate and collect through art objects；His / her professional competencies must be highly relevant to the developments and functions in fine arts museums. However, there is still not any indicator about them. In the past, the discussions of Taiwan public fine arts museums directors were concerned about political and administrative. There is no research about the change of public fine arts museums directors’ role in new trend, exploring their professional competencies. This research is consists of the two parts. The Part 1 is due to establish a hypothesis for “the required professional competencies of public fine arts museums director. By analyzing different kinds of documents about “fine arts museums management”, comparing with the public fine arts museums directors’ qualifications of America and French, and using the analyzing construct of “Iceberg model”, to conclude what the professional competencies are the director of public fine arts museum is needed. The Part 2 is collecting the opinions of the directors and all of the outside members who concern about public fine arts museums’ activities. Finally, to compare these two dimensions of opinions for proposing the conclusions and suggestions. The conclusions of Part 1 research are as following: the first is comparing Taiwan public fine arts museums directors’ professional competencies with the qualifications of America and French, the required professional competencies of public fine arts museums director in Taiwan are not completely；second, providing a concentric circles model of Taiwan public fine arts museums directors’ professional competencies, which were taken into consideration on the nowadays trends in museum; third, with “Iceberg model” to propose the dimensions and items of the directors’ professional competencies in Taiwan fine arts museums for reference.The suggestions and findings of Part 2 research are as following: The first is that in the director’s professional competency categories of public fine arts museums in Taiwan, which must be contented the fourdimensions that had been proposed by this essay. The second, the order of the directors’ professional competency categories of public fine arts museums in Taiwan,which should be like “the director’ professional competencies concentric circles diagram of public fine arts museums in Taiwan”. And, taking arts (or fine arts) history and theory as the necessary requirement of directors’ professions；Taking the experience and skills of fine arts museums administration as the major requirement of directors’ competencies；In accord with the trend of public administration and museum management nowadays, the Taiwanese cultural authority could take some important competencies of business management into consideration as requirements in directors’ professional competencies；In extend competencies, although this aspect is not necessary, if the director of public fine arts museums in Taiwan has those requirements, there is the opportunity to lead the public fine arts museum management become better and better. The last one is that for our national fine arts museum has steady development, expecting our cultural or educational authority, as soon as possible, to complete an employment, promotion and cultivation talent system for Taiwan public fine arts Museums.
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