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Title: 房、樹、人:藝術治療做為一種藝術表現
House-Tree-Person: Art therapy as an Art form
Authors: 朱友意
Chu, Yu-Yi
Wu, Ta-Yu
Keywords: 非語言表達
non-verbal communication
art therapy
House-Tree-Person Test
Issue Date: 2020
Abstract: 過去筆者因難以使用語言文字抒發情緒而引發恐慌發作,尋求專業協助後,發現透過藝術的非語言表達能更順暢,故藝術對筆者來說具有療效。筆者因而對於以表達情感為主軸的表現主義藝術和心理學領域中的藝術治療產生興趣,而開始本創作計劃。 藝術治療有諸多圖像式的心理測驗,「房樹人測驗」(The House-Tree-Person Test)是其中之一,測驗中讓受試者用自由想像畫出房子、樹和人,藉由各個元素的型態、關係分析出受試者的心理狀態。本系列創作挪用了這個測驗的過程,以創作者本人為受試者,繪製以房子、樹和人為主題的畫,將繪畫過程紀錄並交給藝術治療師,藝術治療師再根據這些資料提供專業的詮釋評論。試圖將更多私語言轉換成公語言,讓觀眾能夠進行更多層面的賞析和理解。 研究透過文獻探討和行動研究法的原則進行,文獻資料包括蘇珊・朗格的藝術符號學、藝術治療和藝術的關係、表現性的藝術以及創傷療癒類型的藝術。完成十一件系列作品,以《巴別101》為名稱展出,作品的三個特色:封閉的空間感、表現性的枝葉、創傷的身體,大致合乎房樹人三個元素。對外在而言,本研究處理了心理學和藝術的關係,將被納入心理治療的藝術拉回藝術場域,將藝術性從科學解封;對自己而言,本系列同時是視覺藝術作品也是藝術治療的檔案,藉由展出、和觀眾討論、藝術治療師的詮釋,使筆者能夠更深入表達並了解自己而具有療效。
The author had difficulty in detecting and expressing emotions. The condition caused panic attack. After seeking professional help, it was found that the author could express the emotions more smoothly through artistic non-verbal expression, which means, art is therapeutic. Therefore, the author was interested in expressionism and art therapy, and started this project. There are many image-related psychological tests in art therapy, one of which is the House-Tree-Person Test (The H-T-P Test). In the test, the participants are asked to draw house(s), tree(s) and person(s) from their imagination. The participant's personality or psychological state is analyzed through the appearance and interrelationship of each element. This art project appropriated the process, in which the author himself was the participant, he drew paintings about house(s), tree(s) and person(s). The record includes the thoughts and moods when painting, the thinking process of retouching, and etc., was submitted to an art therapist, who provided a psychological commentary based on this information. The author's self-language could be transformed into public language through this process, allowing the audience to appreciate and comprehend it on a broader level. The research was conducted through the principles of the literature review and action research method. Susanne Langer's semiotics aesthetics, the relationship between psychotherapy and art, the expressionism, and the trauma-healing genre of art, were included in the literature study. A total of eleven works had been completed and were exhibited under the title "Babel 101". The airtight space, expressive structure of trees and the traumatized body roughly correspond to the three elements of the H-T-P test. Externally, this study deals with the relationship between psychology and art, bringing art, which has been included in psychotherapy, back into the art space, unpacking artistry from science; for the author, the series is at once a visual artwork and an archive of art therapy, through the exhibition, audience discussion and interpretation by the art therapist, the author would be able to express and understand himself more deeply, and therapeutic effect happens by means of the process.
Other Identifiers: G0006603104
Appears in Collections:學位論文

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