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The effect of multi-group activities on the depressive symptoms and life satisfaction in elderly--A case taking a residential pension facility in Fuzhou, Fujian
long-term care institutions
quality of life
Statistics from the United Nations show that the global elderly population increases by about 3% every year. In the past, China implemented the "one-child" population strategy, which caused the population to age too quickly, and the aging problem was quite serious. Therefore, due to the pressure of family, economy and care of the elders, letting the elders live in residential care institutions has become one of the considerations. This research aims to explore the impact of multiple group activities on the depression and life satisfaction of the elderly, and uses a residential institution in Fuzhou, Fujian as a research case to use questionnaires to explore the changes in the elderly population background before and after the intervention of multiple group activities, and to be satisfied with depression and life impact. And explore whether the multi-group activities affect the depression of the elderly in residential institutions, and even further affect their life satisfaction. Results of the research are compiled and analyzed, and the conclusion is that the implementation of multiple group activities in residential care institutions can improve the depression of the elderly and increase life satisfaction. Lightly dependent and moderately dependent life self-care functions. The degree of depression was significantly higher than those who took care of themselves. This shows that elders with different personal backgrounds need to participate in diverse group activities, especially elders who need to rely on others in their daily lives, and the need for participation in activities needs more attention. This study can become a precedent for follow-up related research, provide more focus and directions for research on this type of topic. At the same time, and hope that results of the study can provide the basis for the development of the unique and differentiated selection and development of elderly residential institutions in Fuzhou, Fujian, the whole of China, and even Taiwan. Simultaneously, it also provides relevant government departments with suggestions and reference content for formulating and quality improvement and development related policy indicators.
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