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Research on Immigrants' Participation in Vocational Training in Taipei— A Case Study of the Taipei Vocational Training Institute
The population of marital immigrants from Mainland China and southeastern Asian countries is over five hundred and six thousand in Taiwan. In 2019, the immigrant population is thirty-six thousand in Taipei. Most of the immigrants are young adults. Their children have grown up entering elementary schools, so they are able to spend time to go to vocational training classes in order to be employed. Immigrants have strong motivation to be employed so the need of attending vocational training increases in these years. The number of immigrants who practically attended vocational training also increased. The purpose of this research is to find out the possible vocational training programs for immigrants to step in, the appropriate training hours and arrangement for immigrants, and the difficulties and solutions during the training classes. The result of the research is to provide the government to plan and implement the vocational trainings for immigrants. This research uses the descriptive statistics and qualitative approach to collect and analyze data. The questionnaire was undertaken in the 2019 class of the “immigrants' vocational training class for beverage preparation” held by the Taipei Vocational Development Institute. The interviews were applied to five immigrants, two trainers, and two employment specialists. There reach five conclusions: — 1) that the government should develop multiple vocational trainings for immigrants; 2) that the immigrants-specific classes and ordinary classes are both useful; 3) that training combined with licensing is an effective approach; 4) that family support is essential for immigrants attending vocational training and employment; 5) that the knowledge of running small businesses and e-commerce is considerable added in. The results of the research are provided for planning and implementation of immigrants' vocational training in Taipei.
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