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Title: 沖床之智慧異常偵測與即時監控系統
Intelligent Anomaly Detection and Real Time Monitoring of Press Machine
Authors: 吳順德
Wu, Shuen-De
Fang, Zi-Qing
Keywords: 振動分析
Vibration analysis
Anomaly detection
Monitoring system
Issue Date: 2019
Abstract: 隨著工業4.0時代的來臨,已經有許多智慧製造相關技術被運用在各行各業中。其中對台灣經濟影響甚鉅的,是逐漸從傳統產業走向現代化製程的的製造業。而各式機台設備,正是製造業最重要的生產核心。製造業的機台若因零件磨損,將造成機具故障生產中斷,甚至工安意外,對業主及操作者將造成巨大的損失。為避免這些狀況,通常業主會定期對機台作保養維護,採用定期維護之策略,其缺點不僅耗時耗力,而且一些預料之外的異常情形也經常發生,從而造成產線的生產力下降甚或引發工安意外。因此,本研究提出一個智慧異常偵測與即時監控系統來解決前述之問題。 本系統包含兩個子系統,一是即時監控系統,另一個是智慧異常偵測系統。即時監控系統主要是處理一些特徵明顯且取樣率較低的製程參數,例如:電壓、電流、溫度以及壓力等,當系統參數超出某些預設閥值時,會自動透過Line機器人通知相關負責人。至於智慧異常偵測系統主要是處理一些特徵不明顯且訊號變化快速以及需要高取樣率的訊號,例如:機台的振動訊號等,本研究利用加速規及資料擷取卡擷取不同轉速下,不同皮帶鬆緊度的機台振動訊號,然後再以卷積神經網路進行分類器的建模,實驗結果顯示,利用機台的振動訊號,可以有效偵測皮帶過鬆或過緊之異常狀況,其準確率高達98%以上。 期望本研究智慧異常偵測與即時監控系統能夠提升台灣沖床機台的附加價值。
With the advent of the Industry 4.0 era, many smart manufacturing related technologies have been used in various industries. Among them, the industry that has a great impact on Taiwan’s economy is the manufacturing industry, which is gradually moving from traditional to modern processes. This shift results in all kinds of machinery becoming the most crucial, core equipment in the manufacturing industry. If the parts of the machinery are abnormal or overused, accidents may even happen in the workplace and the productivity was decreased. It often results huge losses for the company. In order to avoid such situations, the company usually maintains its machinery on a regular basis, or inspected by experienced technicians. The aforementioned method is cost intensive, in addition, some unexpected fault of machinery often occurs. In regards to this, an intelligent anomaly detection and real time monitoring system is proposed to solve the aforementioned drawbacks. The proposed system consists of two parts: a real time monitoring system and an intelligent anomaly detection system. The real time monitoring system deals with the signals with low sampling rate such as current, voltage, temperature and pressure. These signals are collected by the corresponding sensors and transmitted to server via programming logic device. The employees will receive an alarm message when the values of signal excess some predefined values. The intelligent anomaly detection system deals with the signals with high sampling rate such as vibration signals. The vibration signals are collected by accelerometers and transmitted to server via data acquisition device. The convolutional neural network is used as a classifier to detect the anomaly of the belt of the press machine. The experimental results show the proposed intelligent anomaly detection system has a high accuracy (98%) to distinguish the different anomalies of belt. We hope that this study can improve the added value of press machine and contribute to the field of the smart manufacturing.
Other Identifiers: G060673018H
Appears in Collections:學位論文

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