Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
The Development of Imperial Japanese Naval Base in Penghu: How Sanitized Water Supplies Strengthened Mako's Military Role
Chang, Su- Bing
Mako Guard District
military water supply
saline water distillation equipment
drinking water pipelines in Mako Guard District
drinking water pipelines in Mako
Imperial Japanese troops mounted a military campaign and successfully occupied Penghu Islands at the very end of the First Sino-Japanese War in late March 1895, which led to the only Japanese Occupation Period around Taiwan and Penghu region. After the Treaty of Shimonoseki was officially signed, Penghu, Taiwan and the surrounding islands were ceded to Imperial Japan under their demand. The archipelago thus became one of the first areas entering the Japanese Colonial Period. The troops took only 3 days to occupy the whole archipelago, but the real challenge had just begun. Japanese battle casualties were minimal. However, due to lack of safe water, an outbreak of cholera shortly after the capture of the islands claimed the lives of more than a thousand Japanese soldiers. The outbreak of waterborne diseases enhanced the significance of safe water resources to the Japanese troops. Military facilities were established after they officially governed the islands. The upgraded Mako Guard District became the most important naval base in the southern end of the Japanese Empire in 1901. The Penghu Bay Fortress Headquarter, which established in 1903, was the essential barrier defending the base. By this time, the structure of Penghu's military organization thus settled. The settlement of military facilities meant the safe water supply became more urgent. This forced Japanese troops started to construct a series of facilities to provide safe water supplies. Lacking infrastructure, the Navy couldn't find adequate supplies of water source in a short term, hence they mobilized saline water distillation equipment from home islands to increase the scale of water supplies for the troops and the Hoko Prefecture. During the Russo-Japanese War in 1905, the military role of Penghu base became more crucial. The number of vessels seeking for replenishment in the harbor increased dramatically, forcing the troops to expand the storage capacity for military supplies. Large saline water distillation plants were constructed and the military logistic system had been enhanced. Due to the increased scale of safe water supplies, Penghu had become one of the essential military logistics centers after the Russo-Japanese War. The groups of distillation equipment were considered not to be the only facilities to provide safe water since they had certain limits and flaws. Japanese troops were also actively digging deep wells and building drinking water pipelines in Mako Guard District in 1912. The water supply system in Mako Guard District gradually improved along with the increased number of vessels in the harbor. Distillation plants, deep wells and the drinking water pipelines that operated in turns had strengthened the status of Penghu's military role since. Sailors also swarmed in Penghu islands with their ships, and since Mako town area was the military, political and commercial center of Penghu, their everyday life and recreation were closely connected to the streets.To maintain the local sanitary condition in the streets with national forces, the government started to build drinking water pipelines in Mako in 1927. The completion of various facilities had stabilized the water supply of Mako Guard District, allowing Penghu to become the essential base for the Imperial Japanese Navy expansion campaign toward South China and South Sea. Mako Guard District's improvement in military function led to its responsibility to defend the 1,200 NM long China coastline. The naval base had a sufficient number of vessels to achieve guarding, rescuing and escorting missions. The completion of safe water facilities successfully prevented the spreading of waterborne diseases and improved Penghu's military role. It was this sufficient condition that made Mako become the essential naval base in the southern end of the Japanese Empire.
|Appears in Collections:||學位論文|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.