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The Regional Development of the mountainside rural towns in western Taiwan in the Post-War Period (1950~2019)
Rural town possesses the features of both urban and country. ln the late Qing Dynasty, about three types of townships had developed in Taiwan: seaside, plain and mountainside. Among them, because of the later development of mountainside rural town besides its unique geographic location, the factor that influences its development might differ from the other two. Since the post-war period, every rural towns have witnessed different population developments, while most of them are decaying. This makes us wonder why there were different developments since post-war period. What are the influences? Why some rural towns can be long-lasting? This research adopts data analysis, literature reviews and field study to find out the factors that influence the population changes and internal distribution patterns. We try to explain the above-mentioning issues with growth pole theory and core-periphery model. The results are as following: 1.The year 1970 is a threshold for post-war mountainside rural towns population change, while population is growing positively during 1950 to 1970, and some rural towns began to witness population decaying consecutively after 1970. Based on the pattern of population change and the difference in population growth index, we can classify rural towns into three categories: steady growth, low growth and growth decay. 2.Before 1970, the factors that influenced rural towns population is relative to the local prevalent industries. They can be categorized by the classes of industries into agriculture& forestry resources, mineral resources, and manufacturing goods. These categories rely on the features of local resources industry development. 3.After 1970, the internal population distribution pattern of mountainside rural towns is as following. Area with growing population located near urban area and the center of old townships. It is mostly affected by the social increase causing by the nearby urban spreading. Area with decreasing population located far way from the urban area and was nearmountainous area. Along with the influences of traffic advancement, it intensified the external migration from the population decaying area.
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