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A study of the strategy in elementary school and junior high school expert teachers to improve the sense of belonging in class
sense of belonging in class
Sense of belonging in class create good classroom atmosphere, student psychological also be attention in society. Researcher find that the research seldom use the point of expert teachers view to look the strategy of class belonging, so, this study use Semi-structured Interview method to collect six of elementary school and junior high school expert teachers that use what kind of strategies to improve the sense of belonging in class, and supplemented by student or teacher’s text data as the implementation effect of exploration, as the main shaft of this study. Through the discussion of the findings and found that this study concludes the following conclusion: the specific strategies are divided into four categories 1. In class activities, use of class activities to enhance the sense of belonging of the class;2. In the physical environment, the classroom layout should be diversified and immediately updated. Seating arrangement should use heterogeneous grouping adopted in the increase the mutual cooperation among students and enhance the sense of belonging of the class; 3.In interpersonal interaction, teachers can accompany, understand and find the value of students.4.In the rules, no matter specific class rules or major principles, teachers' attitude should be consistent to make students feel safe and trustworthy. 5.In the other side, use cheerful tone, and make good use of informal class time,combine your expertise or make good use of parents' assistance，can enhanced the addition of class belonging benefits. Strategy of effectiveness, it conform students' psychological needs, security needs, association with class members, self-consciousness, have ability to achieve goals, and willingness to pay efforts. Finally, this study get some suggestions for teachers based on the research results1. Holding the special field trip, it can form special common memories for the students; 2. Students can help each other to study together through heterogeneous seating arrangements; 3. Change classroom layout frequently.4, Identify the strengths or weaknesses of each student and praise them on appropriate occasions; 5. Ensure the consistency of class rules; 6. Don’t need to spend too much effort to do. Spend short time to make class clothe, class call, class song is less effective, but can be tried in much of time.
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