Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
The Study of the Marine Environmental Awareness Transformative Learning for Adults-Taking the Participants of Coastal Afoot Around the Taiwan Island
Marine Environment Awareness
Based on the theory of transformative learning, this study used the phenomenology method to investigate the transformative learning experience of participants in a walk around the coast of Taiwan regarding marine environment awareness. The research participants were 6 people who participated in the entire walk around the coast of Taiwan hosted by Taiwan Association for Marine Environmental Education in 2017 and 2019. The qualitative and the phenomenology research method were adopted to, from the perspective of participants’ daily experience of walking, explore their motivation to participate in the walk, the process and results of transformative learning, as well as their interactive experience with themselves, with the group, and with the environment during their walk. We analyzed and examined the content of their marine environment awareness, how the transformation was triggered, as well as the process and the results of transformative learning during their walk. The essence of this experience was presented through textural, structural, and composite descriptions. This study revealed that before the walk, most participants lacked the experience of being in deep contact with the ocean. This is related to their social, cultural, and educational background. Although participants had diverse motivations to participate in the walk around the island, ocean was not a key motive for them. However, during the walk, changes were observed in participant’s solo-walking, physical and psychological adjustment, self-dialogue, and interaction with their companions, who served as various roles for the participants, including emotional supporters, experience sharers, coexperiencers of the marine environment, colearners in improving cognition, demonstrators of friendly marine action, and someone to talk to in open topics. Through their own observation and experience on Taiwan’s marine environment, they had changed their viewpoint of marine environment awareness on the aspects of cognition, environmental sensitivity, environmental values, affection, and behavioral intention. Such change of viewpoint was induced through interaction with themselves, the group, and the external environment during the process of walking, observing, dialoguing, reflecting, and taking actions. The content of the participants’ marine environment awareness in transformative learning consisted of the following four: reduce plastic generation and take environmentally friendly actions, expand understanding of the ocean, enhance the emotional connection with the ocean, and establish an open environmental ecology viewpoint. These echoed the four aspects of marine environment awareness: action, cognition, attitude, and value. The themes in the transformative learning experience of the participants for marine environment awareness were self-reflection and evaluation, self-demand and sense of responsibility, alternative learning of physical senses, identification of context and connection, systematic observation, and empathy and thinking in someone else’s shoes. This study concluded that the essence of the experience of walking around the coast of Taiwan lied in identification and connection as well as increasing capacity and taking action. Finally, multiple recommendations were provided for adult marine educators and relevant government agencies.
|Appears in Collections:||學位論文|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.