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A Study on Experience of Ethic of Care Among AIDS Helpers
people living with HIV/AIDS
Ethic of Care
The stereotypes toward HIV/AIDS and people living with HIV/AIDS have surrounded with the AIDS helpers and clients and put the AIDS helpers in a dilemma during helping process. However, the previous studies focusing on helpers’ barriers to help clients in public health field have rarely revealed the voice of AIDS helpers. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the helping motivations, the strategy of building caring relationship with client, and the influence of caring practices on life among AIDS helpers. Based on qualitative approach, a grounded theory method involving ethic of care was conducted to capture and analysis the data from ten AIDS helpers. I expect the study result would propose implications to HIV/AIDS organizations for training and be a facilitator that enabling the helper to work with people living with HIV/AIDS. The current study reveals that, based on contact with people living with HIV/AIDS and the own life events, most AIDS helpers have transformed their cognition of AIDS, involved with caring motivations, and been willing to build caring relationship with people living with HIV/AIDS sincerely and openly. In the caring relationship, the AIDS helpers were brave to take the responsibility and duty; the way in which the dialogue was implemented to empathize with clients and provide flexible, open, and individual service. When AIDS helpers encounter moral dilemmas in the caring relationship, they would not only keep having a dialogue with clients but also accept their own limit, and find the way expressing negative emotions. Besides, as becoming aware of the influence of social environment on clients, AIDS helpers attempt to eliminate the prejudice and discrimination from society and create better service system for clients. Last, based on the accomplishment of ideal caring image or the positive feedback from clients, AIDS helpers advanced professional competence, affirmed self-value as an AIDS helper, and are willing to perform continually caring practice to others.
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