大學生成人依附關係、拒絕敏感度與關係衝突因應之關聯研究 The Relationship of Adult Attachment, Rejection Sensitivity, and Conflict-Coping Strategies in Relationship among College Students

Date
2020
Authors
黃旻
Huang, Min
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Abstract
近年由親密關係所致之親密關係暴力與精神疾病問題屢見不鮮,大學生正處於與人建立親密關係之發展階段,因此本研究將焦點聚焦於探討大學生成人依附、拒絕敏感度與關係衝突因應間之關聯性。研究者以問卷調查法收集668名大學生樣本,採用「親密關係體驗量表-中文版」、「拒絕敏感度量表」、「衝突因應方式量表」為研究工具。所得資料以描述性統計、獨立樣本t檢定、單因子變異數分析、皮爾森積差相關、階層迴歸分析進行資料分析。 研究結果如下: 一、男性在關係衝突因應方式中的忠誠因應上高於女性,其他變項在性別上則未有顯著差異。 二、無分手經驗之依附逃避顯著高於主動分手、協議分手,被動分手之依附逃避顯著高於協議分手。表明因應上,協議分手顯著高於無分手經驗,忠誠因應部分,被動分手顯著高於主動分手與無分手經驗,協議分手亦顯著高於無分手經驗。其他變項在分手方式在上則未有顯著差異。 三、從未有過交往對象之依附逃避顯著高於曾經有過將往對象與目前有交往對象,依附焦慮則為曾經有過交往對象與從未有過交往對象高於目前有交往對象。拒絕敏感度在感情狀態上則未有顯著差異。在表明上,目前有交往對象者顯著高於曾經有交往對象與從未有交往對象,至於忠誠、忽視、離開,則是曾經有交往對象顯著高於目前有交往對象與從未有交往對象。 四、在年級之差異分析發現,成人依附、拒絕敏感度與關係衝突因應三者之結果均未有顯著差異。 五、依附逃避與依附焦慮呈顯著正相關,依附逃避與依附焦慮兩者均與拒絕敏感度有顯著正相關。依附逃避及依附焦慮與忠誠、忽視、離開有顯著正相關,依附焦慮與表明則有顯著負相關,依附逃避則與表明未有顯著相關。拒絕敏感度與表明有顯著負相關,與忠誠、忽視、離開則未有顯著相關。 六、拒絕敏感度在依附逃避與表明間具有完全中介效果,在依附焦慮與表明間則有部分中介效果。拒絕敏感度在依附逃避、依附焦慮與忠誠、忽視、離開間未有中介效果。
In recent years, the intimate violence and mental illness problems of college students are common. In order to clarify the behavior of intimate relationship and emotional state, the main purpose of the present study was to explore the relationships among adult attachment, rejection sensitivity and conflict-coping strategies in relationship of college students. A total of 668 completed self-reported questionnaires were collected through accidental sampling. The instruments are Experiences in Close Relationships Scale-Chinese Version (ECRS-C), Chinese version of Rejection Sensitivity Questionnaire, and Conflict-coping strategies scale. The data were analyzed by performing independent-sample t test, one-way multivariate analysis of variance, Pearson correlation, and hierarchical regression. The study revealed the following results: 1.Men were higher level of loyalty coping than women, while there is no gender difference ofother variables. 2.Attachment avoidance with no breakup experience was significantly higher than active breakup and agreement breakup, furthermore, passive breakup was significantly higher than agreement breakup. In the aspect of voice coping, agreement breaking up is significantly higher than no breaking up experience. In the aspect of loyalty coping, passive break up is significantly higher than active break up and no break up experience, and agreement break up is also significantly higher than no break up experience. Other variables didn’t differ significantly in breakup style. 3.The attachment avoidance of those who have never been in a relationship was significantly higher than those who have ever been in a relationship and currently in a relationship, while attachment anxiety of people who have ever been in a relationship and people who have never been in a relationship was significantly higher than people who are currently in a relationship. Rejection sensitivity did not differ significantly in love experience. In terms of voice, people who are currently in a relationship was higher than who have ever been in a relationship and who have never been in a relationship. As for loyalty, neglect and exit, people who have ever been in a relationship was higher than who are currently in a relationship and who have never been in a relationship. 4.There were no significant differences in the results of adult attachment, rejection sensitivity and relationship conflict coping. 5.Attachment avoidance positively associated with attachment anxiety, and they were positively associated with rejection sensitivity. Attachment anxiety was significantly positively correlated with loyalty, neglect and exit, significantly negatively correlated with voice, and no significant correlation between attachment avoidance and voice. Rejection sensitivity was significantly negatively correlated with voice, but not significantly correlated with loyalty, neglect, and exit. 6.Rejection sensitivity was fully mediated the link between attachment avoidance and voice, and partially mediated the link attachment anxiety and voice. There wasn’t significantly mediated the link between attachment avoidance, attachment anxiety and loyalty, neglect and exit.
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成人依附, 拒絕敏感度, 關係衝突因應, Adult attachment, Conflict-coping strategies in relationship, Rejection Sensitivity
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