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A Study on the Process of Participation for the Triathlon Beginners
competition on participation
outdoor recreational sport
本研究透過半結構式深度訪談法，於 2019 年 7 月至 12 月間訪談了四位三鐵新手分別參與過兩鐵、短程賽、標準賽、超鐵，並取得參與者參賽前後的文字紀錄，再以 QSR NVivo 11 軟體進行質性資料分析。
In recent years, various domestic sport events have risen, and the number of triathlon participants and competition has also increased year by year. Triathletes must have a high level of skills and physical power, meanwhile exerting strong perseverance to be able to complete three sports in a limited time. The physical power, skill, experience, and perseverance of beginners may seem inconspicuous compared to the adept one, but we know that the beginner's experience is not less than others when listening to their energetic description. Through this study, we can understand the motivation, preparation, and spiritual extension of triathlon beginners. In this study, semi-structured interviews is conducted, and four triathlon beginners, who participated in duathlon, novice distance, Olympic distance, or triathlon 140.6, were in-depth and semi-structured interviews from July to December 2019, and obtain the text records written before or after the participation by them, then constant comparison was employed to analyze the qualitative information by using the software QSR NVivo 11. The result found that beginners can find social support from sports clubs or families in motivation, preparation, leisure constraints, physical and mental feelings, and enduring involvement. When beginners faced with different constraints, sometimes they adopt active strategies using serious leisure to overcome constraints; sometimes they adopt negative strategies and some of which may temporarily interrupt the involvement. Beginners take the physical and mental feelings during the game as a challenge, and we can find the characteristics of the flow experience from their description; they showed the ironman spirit including persistence and never give up in the participation, and the leisure benefits also serve as motivation for beginners to participation triathlon in different ways, and we can find the characteristics of serious leisure in this process. According to the results, different suggestions are given to triathlon organizers for promoting activities, and beginners for preparing participation.
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