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What is Primary Prevention? Study on the Support Program for the Beginning Families in Taipei
the beginning families
Starting from 2013 to 2019, the Support Program for the Beginning Families is the domestic violence primary prevention services that are conducted by Taipei city’s government. Following the concept of “prevention is better than cure”, this program helps the newlyweds and the new parents with support services in order to forestall severe family issues. The purpose of this study is to explain the implemental progress and experiences of the “Support Program for the Beginning Families” in Taipei. After that, based on the previous involvement with the program, this thesis will also provide some suggestions for primary prevention to achieve a better standard procedure. Therefore, this study is performed by qualitative research where five participants who are associated with the program are invited. The research findings are as follow: I.The program implementation progress This program was adopted with an inter-disciplinary approach to promoting communication between social work and family education professionals. The service was forwarded through risk screening, offering emotional support, providing family education services, and applying referrals to the social administration system. Despite the experience of the inter-disciplinary cooperation in the program was a meaningful start, it was not easy to evaluate the results with it. Eventually, the program was halted and reverted to previous existing social services. II.Recommendations for primary prevention From the perspective of social work, the importance of risk screening systems and applying resources to families with potential risks cannot be overemphasized. On the other hand, the priority from the family education point of view is to universalizing programs. Yet, the participants from the public institution consider otherwise, they believe that the establishment and implementation of social welfare services should be strengthened. Participants from the third sector suggest reinforcing the systematic cooperation between social services, education, health care, and the private sector would smooth the way for the implementation of primary prevention services. According to the research, a number of recommendations can be proposed from different stages. Starting from the policy system, the organization should put more effort into domestic violence primary prevention services, clarify the division of labor of the primary prevention service also strengthen the bond between each government's department. To the similar programs, it is critical to target the goal of each program, develop into a service content that responds to community needs. Last but not least, reconsider a better evaluation method of primary prevention.
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