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|Other Titles:||Learning for Duty or Enjoyment:Two Paths to Fulfillment in Learning forTaiwanese High School Students in theConfucian Cultural Context|
Hsiou-Huai Wang, Cheng-Yu Lin
National Taiwan Normal University
In the context of Self-Determination Theory (SDT), numerous published studies have arguedthat intrinsic motivation is the key to engaging students with their academic work, improving schoolperformance, and acquiring psychological well-being. By contrast, an increasing body of researchfocusing on Eastern Asian Confucian societies, including Taiwan, has shed light on the salience ofextrinsic motivation centered around role obligation and duty fulfillment. Scholars have argued thatextrinsic motivation has a high value of encouraging students’ effort making, enhancing theiracademic performance and providing them with psychological fulfillment. To help settle thistheoretical dissonance, this research constructed and validated the two learning paths of Taiwanesestudents, the first, learning for duty, and the second, learning for enjoyment. A self-developedquestionnaire on students’ learning motivation, effort-making, academic performance, and acquiredsatisfaction was administered to 511 students in northern Taiwan. Structural equation modelinggenerated path analysis and model fit results that demonstrated that Taiwanese students possess twolearning motivations followed by two types of psychological fulfillment. Specifically, intrinsicmotivation based on personal interest predicted effort-making, with mediation of “learningsatisfaction.” Extrinsic motivation based on duty fulfillment directly predicted effort-making.Furthermore, “obligation satisfaction” emerged as a result of effort-making, regardless of students’different motivations. These findings regarding different learning motivations and satisfaction arevaluable in reshaping the theoretical conception of learning motivation in a Confucian culturalsetting. Relevant implications and suggestions for parenting and teaching are discussed.
|Appears in Collections:||教育科學研究期刊|
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