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Using the Concept of Yi-Xiang to Analyze the Music Listening in High School Students
high school students
music listening response
As music is an auditory art, a sound level of music listening involves the experience of the aesthetics in the music through listening process that requires good listening skills and cognitive intension. Therefore, music listening is a relatively important learning item in the music course. Based on the humanistic concept in music appreciation, the ontology of musical Yi-Xiang (image), and the related theories of music appreciation, the aim of this study attempts to investigate the significance of teaching of music listening, to establish the Yi-Xiang theory, to explore the appreciative process of music listening in high school students, and to audit the teaching contents of music listening. This study was conducted in two phases: phase I study was trying to explore the distribution of musical Yi-Xiang in high school students based on specific questionnaires, there were 112 students enrolled in phase I study ; and phase II study was trying to investigate the developing process of musical Xi-Xiang in high school students based on individual interviews, there were 16 students and eventually to conduct an audit for the teaching in music listening. The development of “Yi-Xiang” is a continuous process, starting from “Yi” to “Xiang” and then to “Yi-Xiang” through the listening process with a conversion mechanism of purification and internalization. Its final goal is “whole-person education” with equivalent importance of music appreciation and humanism. In addition, the theory and framework of Yi-Xiang may serve as a tool to examine the developing process of music listening in the high school students and also as an audit of the teaching contents in music listening. Findings of this study are as follows: The study population was selected from the Grade 11 students in a high school where the author serves. Of the 112 study subjects, 102 (91%) had “affective type” of music listening. There was a significant difference in the distribution of intra- and inter-group of questions (p<.001). In Phase II study, individual interviews were selected based on their responses to the development of Yi in the questionnaires of phase I study. The nature of music listening in the majority of students was dominated by the thought of “Yi”, had little concept of the “Xiang”, which was mostly focusing on the issue of “superficial material”, and were of incorrect and irrelevant texture. Our study revealed that most of students were incompetent in making a comment on music and their comments failed to reach a level of “having something in content”. All of these indicated the level of music listening in high school students did require certain improvement. To improve their competency in music listening, the level of “Xiang” should be promoted first and followed by increasing the motive power of affection through humanistic extent. This study analyzed the responses of high school students to music listening based on the concept of Yi-Xiang. Basically, Chinese glossary can be integrated or separated and allows multiple-dimensional interpretation. The application of this theory with the development of Yi first, then shifting to Xiang and eventually transferring to Yi-Xiang in the teaching of music listening may help to deliberate on the connotation of music in depth and extent; to realize the appreciative process and quality of the students in music listening; to survey the descriptive framework of the textbooks and the integrity of teaching materials; and to evaluate the teaching thoughtfulness, teaching methodology, teaching completeness, and general teaching abilities in music listening for music teacher. Finally, we would like to propose “Music Appreciation Courses to Enhance Humanistic Commitments”, “Following through Applications of Yi-Xiang Theoretical Construction” for the future teaching and research objectives.
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