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Title: 宜蘭縣國華國中音樂班學生聽寫成績與相關因素之研究
A Study on the Relationship between the Ear Training Scores and Influencing Factors of Music Talented Students at
Authors: 陳曉雰
Chou Chih Wan
Keywords: 音樂班
music talented class
ear training
major instruments
basic musicianship training
Issue Date: 2008
Abstract: 本研究旨在瞭解北區音樂班音樂基礎訓練課程的實施現況,並探討影響音樂班學生聽寫成績之因素。研究目的有三:一、瞭解北區音樂班音樂基礎訓練課程的實施現況;二、探討宜蘭縣國華國中音樂班學生主修樂器類別與聽寫成績之相關性;三、探討宜蘭縣國華國中音樂班學生性別、年級、學習經驗與聽寫成績之相關性。 本研究首先藉由文獻探討瞭解臺灣音樂班之發展及北區國中音樂班音樂基礎訓練課程的實施現況,並以宜蘭縣國華國中音樂班一、二年級學生為研究對象(N=36),利用研究者自編之「宜蘭縣國華國中音樂班學生音樂學習經驗之調查」及「宜蘭縣國華國中音樂班聽寫測驗」為研究工具,進行音樂班學生主修樂器、性別、年級、學習經驗與聽寫成績的分析。研究發現如下: 一、有關1984年《特殊教育法》公布前後音樂班設置的發展情況,就全國校數來看,全國總共增加了105所設置音樂班的學校,各級學校的成長皆以五倍以上的速度增加,尤以國中階段最為驚人,從1984年至2007年間設置音樂班的國中校數約呈現十倍的成長。 二、視唱聽寫是國中音樂班持續三年每週進行2-3小時安排的課程之一,從法規對課程的規範與對北區各國中音樂班課程實施之調查得知,視唱聽寫課程實為培養音樂人才基礎且重要的課程。 三、音樂班學生主修樂器成績與聽寫成績呈現正相關。 四、音樂班學生二年級學生在聽寫總分、音程及二聲部旋律項目皆優於一年級學生。 五、音樂班學生開始接受聽寫訓練時間的差異對測驗總分、節奏項目、非調性項目及二聲部旋律項目成績之影饗達到顯著。 六、學生國小就讀班別的差異對測驗總分、音程、節奏、調性、非調性及二聲部旋律項目成績之影饗達到顯著。
The purpose of this study is to explore the implementation of the basic musicianship training for music talented students at Guo Hua Junior High School in Ilan County and the factors influencing students’ achievement in ear training, including the major instrument, gender, age and background of the students. This study examined the historical development of the music talented class and the current status of the basic musicianship curriculum at junior high schools in northern Taiwan. Research instruments employed in the study include a survey and test, distributed to 36 music talented students in Ilan County. The results were summarized as follows: 1. Since the special education was enacted, the numbers of the music talented classes increased rapidly, especially in the junior high school level. 2. The basic musicianship course is offered 2-3 hours per week and mostly last for three years in the music talented class at junior high schools in northern Taiwan. The enactments revealed the importance of the basic musicianship training. 3. The scores of the performance in major instruments of the music talented students had a significant correlation with their ear training scores. 4. The second-grade students’ ear training scores were better than those of first-grade students in interval and two-part melody items. 5. The time when students began to receive the ear training significantly influenced their ear training scores in rhythm, atonal and two-part melody items. 6. The music learning background significantly influenced students’ ear training scores in interval, rhythm, tonal, atonal and two-part melody items.
Other Identifiers: GN0592613009
Appears in Collections:學位論文

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