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A Study of the Teaching Beliefs of Pre-service Music teachers－An Example of Two Cross-strait Normal Universities
pre-service music teachers
music teacher education
This study aims to investigate the music teaching beliefs of sophomore to senior level pre-service teachers at both National Taiwan Normal University (NTNU) and Nanjing Normal University (NJNU). An overview of the curriculums at two universities was provided, followed by a questionnaire of surveying teaching beliefs. The questionnaire includes aspects in teaching objectives, teaching methods, teaching assessments and classroom management. A total of 275 questionnaires were distributed and 239 questionnaires were collected for a valid response rate of 87%. The key results of the study are as follows: 1. The music teaching training courses of the two universities’ music departments were divided into three categories: general courses, education courses, and music courses. 2. The number of education courses offered by the two universities varied. NTNU offered more education courses for students to choose from; NJNU, meanwhile, only offered five compulsory education courses and no elective courses. 3. The overall teaching beliefs of the two universities have received equally positive affirmation. In the aspects of teaching objectives and teaching assessments, both recognized the importance of aesthetic education in music teaching; however, neither was seen as having positive beliefs toward integrating ‘music creation’ into their teaching. In the aspect of teaching methods, both recognized the ‘learning situation’ teaching belief. In the aspect of classroom management, both recognized the ‘student counseling and management’ teaching belief. 4. There were no significant differences in the teaching beliefs of pre-service teachers in the two universities across different genders, years, majors, and year of study. In conclusion, based on the results, this study provides suggestions for pre-service music teachers, related teacher training institutions, and future research. Keywords: teaching beliefs, pre-service music teachers, music teacher education, NTNU, NJNU
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