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Playground, teaching aids, and physical education: the comparison of the usage of teaching aids in physical education in Taiwan and Japan based on the standardization of playground
standardization of playground
comparison of Taiwan and Japan
This study is aimed at comparing playgrounds and the usage of teaching aids in Taiwan with those in Japan based on the view of the standardization of playground. Also, the investigation of the relationship between the arrangements of playgrounds and the teachers’ concept of performing teaching aids in Taiwan’s and Japan’s schools, and the comparison of the teaching content of PE class between these two countries are discussed in this study. There are three methods used in this study. Firstly, ‘literature review’ was used to analyze the arrangements of playgrounds in Taiwan’s and Japan’s schools. Secondly, ‘semi-structured questionnaires’ were distributed to the experts in the physical education field, and then ‘interviews’ with the experienced teachers who had won a prize of making good use of teaching aids were held to generalize the parities and differences between these two methods. Finally, the results were concluded by using ‘comparative method’. The results of this study are： (1) although the arrangement of playground is different in Taiwan and in Japan, the opinions toward the standardization of playground in both countries are the same； (2) the definition of teaching aids and their types in Taiwan and it in Japan are different； (3) both in Taiwan and in Japan, teachers think teaching aids can help students learn effectively in physical classes and provide solutions to the problem of teaching； (4) the teacher’s attitude toward the usage of teaching aids is different in Taiwan and in Japan；Taiwan’s teachers feel involved and happy when they use teaching aids, however, Japan’s teachers think using teaching aids is difficult and disturbed； (5) teachers in these two countries have different opinions toward the ownership of homemade teaching aids；Taiwan’s teachers regard homemade teaching aids as private property；on the other hand, Japan’s teachers consider teaching aids as public property.
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