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Title: 操場‧教具‧體育課─從運動場地標準化論臺灣與日本體育課教具使用情形之比較
Playground, teaching aids, and physical education: the comparison of the usage of teaching aids in physical education in Taiwan and Japan based on the standardization of playground
Authors: 程瑞福
Chen Jui-Fu
Lin Yi-Ling
Keywords: 操場
teaching aids
standardization of playground
comparison of Taiwan and Japan
Issue Date: 2011
Abstract: 本研究從運動場地標準化之觀點出發,探討臺灣與日本二國運動場地差異與小學教師體育課使用教具情形之異同,並進行比較。主要目的旨在探討臺灣與日本學校運動場地設置情形與教師運用教具概念之關聯性。採用文獻分析法分析台灣與日本學校運動場地設置狀況,再以半結構式問卷於臺灣與日本二地之體育教學領域專家,及曾有教具獲獎經驗之教師進行專家訪談,爾後以比較研究法分析歸納其異同。本研究所獲致之主要異同結果如下:(一)、臺灣與日本雖然場地設置情形不同,但對於標準化與非標準化運動場地之觀感相同。(二)、臺灣與日本教師對於教具之種類與範疇有所差異,日方教師認為雲梯、爬竿、單槓等類固定設備亦為教具,然臺方則將此類固定器材歸類為遊戲場器材設備。(三)、雙方教師對於教具能在體育課中幫助學生學習、並有效解決教學之問題、達成教學目標皆表示認同。(四)、雙方教師對於教具之使用態度不同,臺灣教師覺得是「開心的、樂於其中的」、日本教師覺得是「困難的、感到煩惱的」。(五)、雙方教師對於自行製作之教具財產所屬認知不同,臺灣教師認為是自身財產、日本教師則認為是校內教師共有之財產物品。
This study is aimed at comparing playgrounds and the usage of teaching aids in Taiwan with those in Japan based on the view of the standardization of playground. Also, the investigation of the relationship between the arrangements of playgrounds and the teachers’ concept of performing teaching aids in Taiwan’s and Japan’s schools, and the comparison of the teaching content of PE class between these two countries are discussed in this study. There are three methods used in this study. Firstly, ‘literature review’ was used to analyze the arrangements of playgrounds in Taiwan’s and Japan’s schools. Secondly, ‘semi-structured questionnaires’ were distributed to the experts in the physical education field, and then ‘interviews’ with the experienced teachers who had won a prize of making good use of teaching aids were held to generalize the parities and differences between these two methods. Finally, the results were concluded by using ‘comparative method’. The results of this study are: (1) although the arrangement of playground is different in Taiwan and in Japan, the opinions toward the standardization of playground in both countries are the same; (2) the definition of teaching aids and their types in Taiwan and it in Japan are different; (3) both in Taiwan and in Japan, teachers think teaching aids can help students learn effectively in physical classes and provide solutions to the problem of teaching; (4) the teacher’s attitude toward the usage of teaching aids is different in Taiwan and in Japan;Taiwan’s teachers feel involved and happy when they use teaching aids, however, Japan’s teachers think using teaching aids is difficult and disturbed; (5) teachers in these two countries have different opinions toward the ownership of homemade teaching aids;Taiwan’s teachers regard homemade teaching aids as private property;on the other hand, Japan’s teachers consider teaching aids as public property.
Other Identifiers: GN0696300563
Appears in Collections:學位論文

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