Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/105272
Title: 智障者下階梯動作特徵之研究
Stair-descending Characteristics in individuals with Mental Disabilities
Authors: 林曼蕙
Mann-Hwei Lin
曾志明
Tseng chih ming
Keywords: 下階梯動作特徵
平衡能力
下肢肌力
stair-dascending characteristics
balance abilities
lower limb strength
Issue Date: 2006
Abstract: 國 立 台 灣 師 範 大 學 體 育 學 系 碩 士 論 文 智障者下階梯動作特徵研究 摘要 本研究的目的是:一、描述智障者下階梯之動作特徵;二、探討智障者下階梯之動作特徵與其平衡能力的相關;三、探討智障者下階梯之動作特徵與其下肢肌力的相關;四、探討不同障礙程度智障者下階梯之動作特徵之差異。 研究以就讀於國立桃園啟智學校高職部,可以獨立行走,並無肢體或視聽力、情緒障礙之智障學生為對象。經篩選出符合可以獨立行走,並無肢體、視力、或情緒障礙之智障學生187名,平均年齡17.3±1.09歲。動態平衡以八呎起立走為測驗項目,靜態平衡以閉眼單腳站立為測驗項目,下肢肌力以三十秒椅站立為測驗項目。並以經專家效度檢定之「智障者下階梯動作特徵檢查表」對智障者下階梯動作特徵進行評分。結果發現: 1. 智障程度越重者,其下階梯的動作特徵越趨於雙手不自然抬高、僵硬,身體向前傾,下階速度減緩並較多採用兩腳一階的策略下階梯。 2. 除身體傾斜程度與靜態平衡能力無相關外,全體受試者之手部動作、下階步伐、下階步數、下階速度(秒數)與其靜態平衡、動態平衡能力均有明顯相關(p<.o1)。 3. 全體受試者之手部動作、下階步伐、下階步數、下階速度(秒數)、及身體傾斜程度與下肢肌力均有相關。 4. 在智障者下階梯動作特徵上,中度障礙與重度以上障礙在手部動作、身體姿勢、下階速度、下階步數及下階步伐表現均有顯著差異(p<.01)。 關鍵詞:下階梯動作特徵、平衡能力、下肢肌力
Stair-descending Characteristics in individuals with Mental Disabilities June, 2006 Student : Chih-ming Tseng Advisor: Mann-Hwei Lin Abstract The purposes of this study were to show: 1.the stair-descending characteristics in individuals with mental disabilities, 2. correlation between stair- descending characteristics and balance abilities in individuals with mental disabilities, 3. correlation between stair- descending characteristics and lower limb strength in individuals with mental disabilities, and 4. stair- descending characteristics difference between individuals with moderate and severe mental disabilities. The subjects are 187 students with mental disabilities without physical, visual, auditory and emotional disabilities, average age 17.3(±1.09)years old, from National Tao-Yuan School for the Mental Retardation. 8-feet up and go test and eye-closed-one-leg stance test, were used to evaluate subjects’ balance abilities, and 30-second chair stand test was used to evaluate subjects’ lower limb strength. A 「Check List on Stair- descending Characteristics in Individuals with Mental Disabilities」was designed to evaluate the stair- descending characteristics in individuals with mental disabilities. The results are: 1. the individuals with more severe disability tend to elevate arms with stiffness, incline upper body forward, lower speed and use 2-step-1-stair strategy. 2. the arm motion, gait strategy, total steps, and descending speed are significantly correlated (p<.o1) to balance abilities(8-feet up and go test and eye-closed-one-leg stance test), body inclination is significantly correlated to the 8-feet-up-and-go-test (p<.o5) but not to the eye-closed-one-leg stance test . 3. the arm motion, gait strategy, body inclination, total steps and climbing speed are significantly correlated (p<.o1) to lower limb strength. 4. significant differences (p<.o1) of all the stair-descending characteristics were found between individuals with moderate and severe mental disabilities. Key words: stair-dascending characteristics, balance abilities, lower limb strength
URI: http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&amp;s=%22http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=id=%22GN0591041003%22.&%22.id.&amp;
http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/105272
Other Identifiers: GN0591041003
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