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A Study of Developing Indicators of Sport Cities in Taiwan
The government of Taiwan has trying to bid for international mega sport competitions for the recent years, however the legacies and the continuity of sport culture are more important issues. At present, there are not yet established systematic indicators for developing of sport city in Taiwan, but from a sustainable point of view, the strategic indicators for developing sport city are necessary. Through the induction of city specialization, the promotion strategy of city competitiveness and the integrating the successful examples of the development of international sport city, this study used two-way thinking from social culture and economic development to construct the developing indicators of sport city in Taiwan which could be as a reference for the local development of regional sport. The purpose of this study was to explore the meaning of the development of sport city and the connotation of relevant factors, and to construct the developing indicators of sport city which put forward the application model and suggestions of developing sport city in Taiwan. The research applied the orientation of mixed method, through the literature analysis and expert interviews, and the combination of quantitative and qualitative research methods. The results were as followings: First, the significance of sport cities and the connotation of relevant factors should value the rethinking of the regional characteristics, urban orientation and the significance of sport cities. Through the strategic planning, the indicators could be presented separately in the social and cultural development of economic orientation from the category of policy and the needs of ordinary people. Second, this study constructed the leading indicators of developing sport cities in Taiwan which included the urban sport policy status of 6 major projects, down to carry out 22 indicators category. Third, the future application model recommendations could be used as urban sport policy intelligent management, local sport cities selection system, and the use of urban sport governance results, towards a measurable practical development of practical tools for verification. As to the recommendations to the follow-up researchers, it was proposed to incorporate the decision-making views of the municipal leaders to explore the similarities and differences between the different administrative leaders and the professional views on the development of the sport city of Taiwan. In terms of management practice, rolling correction was to suggest and the amendment of individual indicators by referring the regional cultural characteristics. Also, through the application of performance measurement theory, further empirical research could be carried out for the tools of quantitative assessment.
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