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Perceived coach autonomy support and athletes’ well-being: The moderating role of psychological flexibility
Chang, Wen Hsin
acceptance and commitment theory
With the advent of positive psychology, many sports psychologists have focused on pursuing athletes’ performance and well-being concurrently. To achieve outstanding performance, sport psychologists thought athletes need to keep the balance between physical and mental health. Presently, psychological flexibility is a crucial factor in shaping individual’s well-being. Therefore, the purpose of study 1 was to validate the psychometric properties of the Chinese psychological flexibility questionnaire for athletes. Furthermore, most of previous researches have investigated how to promote athlete well-being through only dispositional or situational factors but ignoring interactionism perspective. Thus, the purpose of study 2 was to examine the relationship between perceived coach autonomy support and athlete well-being, also the moderating effect of general trait of psychological flexibility. The present study recruited athletes from collegiate team Division I and adopted survey method. The results of study 1 found adequate internal consistencyreliability, factorial validity and criterion related validity. Most important, factorial invariance of the psychological flexibility measurement was demonstrated across college students and athletes. The results of study 2 indicated that perceived coach autonomy support was negatively related to athlete burnout. Furthermore, psychological flexibility strengthens the relationship between perceived coach autonomy support and athlete burnout. However, the psychological flexibility could not moderate the relationship between perceived coach autonomy support and athletes’ well-being. Overall, the results of current study contribute to psychological flexibility literature by extending the external vitality in sport context and the practice implications were also offered.
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