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Examining the relationship between social physique anxiety, exercise motivation, and subjective well-being: The moderating effect of self-compassion
social physique anxiety
Grounded in self-determination theory (SDT), this study explores the relationship between social physique anxiety, exercise motivation, and subjective well-being and the moderating effect of self-compassion. This article includes two independent studies to answer the research questions. In study 1, we validated the Chinese version of self-compassion measure. The specific aims in study 2 are (a) to examine the mediating effect of exercise motivation on the relationship between social physique anxiety and subjective well-being; (b) to investigate the moderating role of self-compassion between social physique anxiety and exercise motivation; and (c) to explore whether the self-compassion moderates the mediating effect of exercise motivation on the relationship between social physique anxiety and subjective well-being. Survey research techniques were used in the two studies. In study 1, 310 undergraduate students were recruited as the research participants. In study 2, participants were 270 female undergraduate students recruited in National Taiwan Normal University. The results indicated that the Chinese version of self-compassion measure revealed well reliability and validity. Also, the findings provided an empirical support that exercise motivation would partially mediate the relationship between women’s social physique anxiety and subjective well-being. In addition, women’s self-compassion would not moderate the relationship between social physique anxiety and exercise motivation. However, self-kindness and mindfulness, the components of self-compassion, would attenuate the negative relationship between social physique anxiety and the exercise motivation of intrinsic regulation. Findings also revealed that self-compassion would not moderates the mediating effect of exercise motivation on the relationship between social physique anxiety and subjective well-being. But the mediation effect of intrinsic regulation on the relationship between social physique anxiety and subjective well-being was significant only for women with low self-kindness (low mindfulness), not for women with high self-kindness (high mindfulness). To sum up, the findings of this study are partially supported research hypothesis. Accordingly, further theoretical and practical implications are discussed and offered at the end of this paper.
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