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Study of the Emotional Intelligence and Stress Coping Strategies among High School Team and Individual Athletes in New Taipei City.
Jwo, Hank Junling
team and individual sports
National High School Athletic Games
The aim of this research was to explore the status quo and differences among high school team and individual athletes in New Taipei City in terms of emotional intelligence and stress coping strategies. The participants consisted of high school athletes having participated in 2017 National High School Athletic Games and National High School League Finals held by the Ministry of Education. Using purposive sampling method, 15 schools were selected, and the study was then conducted by applying Emotional Intelligence Scale and Stress Coping Strategies Scale. Among a total of 355 questionnaires distributed, 307 out of 330 returned are valid with an effective response rate of 93%. The data obtained was analyzed by descriptive statistics, two-way ANOVA, and Pearson product-moment correlation. The results are follows: 1. The emotional intelligence of high school team and individual athletes in New Taipei City was at intermediate level. Male athletes were significantly superior to their female counterparts in self-emotion management, and high school senior athletes showed better performance than junior athletes in the categories of self-motivation, social awareness, and relationship management. 2. The stress coping strategies used by high school team and individual athletes in New Taipei City fell between Occasionally Used and Frequently Used. Male athletes were found to use the Avoidance stress coping strategy more frequently than their female counterparts. 3. There was positive correlation between emotional intelligence and stress coping strategies of high school athletes in New Taipei City. In conclusion, the emotional intelligence and the use of stress coping strategies of high school athletes in New Taipei City were at intermediate level. No significant gender or grade differences in the emotional intelligence and the use of stress coping strategies were found in team and individual athletes; the higher an athlete’s emotional intelligence, the better coping strategies are used to deal with the pressure borne.
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