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The Effect of physical Activity to Female Senior High School Students with Different Counseling Assistance Strategies
The purposes of this study were to compare the differences of different counseling assistance strategies (counseling via telephone, email and self-recording with pedometers) on physical activities, exercise behavior, exercise attitude, and exercise knowledge of female senior high school students. The subjects were composed of 120 female students form Taipei Jingmei Senior High School whom do not participate in daily regular physical activities, their average age were 15.75±0.37 years. The subjects were randomly assigned into three groups: telephone counseling group (TEL-G), email counseling group (Email-G), and self-recording group (Self-recording-G). All three groups of students were required to carry pedometers, and recorded the number of steps daily for 12 weeks. TEL-G received one telephone call each week, Email-G received one reminder via email each week, and Self-recording-G only recorded the number of steps from the pedometer daily. They also submitted a physical exercise record on a weekly basis. Before and after the study, all participants were asked to fill out a questionnaire regarding their exercise status with exercise behavior, exercise attitude, and exercise knowledge. After all the information has been submitted, the data was analyzed and evaluated using mixed design two-way ANOVA, and the results were the following: 1.The TEL-G, Email-G, and Self-recording-G have all shown a significant improvement in their walking steps than the first week of the study ,after 12 weeks of different counseling assistance strategies study (P<. 05). 2.The physical activities among TEL-G, Email-G, and Self-recording-G had no significant differences., after 12 weeks study (P>.05). 3.TEL-G, Email-G, and Self-recording-G had all shown a significant improvement in exercise status with exercise behavior, exercise attitude, and exercise knowledge (P <. 05). 4.The different counseling assistance strategies among TEL- G, Email-G, and Self-recording-G have no significant improvement in exercise status with exercise behavior, exercise attitude, and exercise knowledge. (P>.05) The 12 weeks of self carry pedometers with either telephone counseling, email counseling, or self-recording had significantly improved the physical activity level, exercise behavior, attitude, and knowledge of female senior high school student.
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