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Hunting status of Bunun hunters at Danda
In order to investigate the hunting status, usage of hunting tools, hunting yields, and difference of hunting status between generations, this study applied participation observations, depth interviews, questionnaires, and hunting information collected by indigenous people. Danda area is abundant in wildlife and natural resources, therefore, Forestry bureau is now planning the hunting activities by the indigenous people because hunters’ attitudes towards the usage of tools and their preferences for animals have direct impacts on wildlife resources. The subjects of this study were hunters in Dili, JenHo, ShuangLong and TanNan, and were active in hunting in the past 5 years. From 2004 to 2007, I interviewed 169 hunters（263 times）and observed 12 hunting trips（39 hunters）. They used 3 hunting methods including shotguns, snares, and hunting dogs. All hunters used shotguns and 32% of the hunters used snares. They used different kinds of shotguns including traditional home-made rifles（98%）,and the powder of trim refit the HILTI shotgun (45%). From September 2006 to March 2007, a total of 1088 animals were hunted by using shotguns, and flying squirrels were the most (72%). 66 animals were snared, and muntjacs were the most（41%）. 42 animals were hunted by dog chasing, and wild boars were the most（57%）. Most hunters shot the animals at sight regardless of species. The reason prohibiting their shooting was the capacity limits of backpack. Tradition and taboos had smaller effects on their motives, and they still shot rare animals. In participation observations, 58% of the animals could be shot when seen by hunters. They shot 85% of the animals chosen, and the shooting average was 70%. 73% of the shot animals were obtained.There were significantly more HILTI shotgun users among young hunters than in old and middle-aged hunters (p<0.001.) Because hunters could use the HILTI shotguns without making gunpowder. Only 30% of the young hunters had the skill of gunpowder making, therefore, there would be an increase of young hunters using HILTI in the future.However the lethality of HILTI shotguns was low, animals could easily escape when shot by HILTI and that would lower hunting yields and increase death rates of animals. Young hunters’ hunting abilities, which include species identification in the dark, shooting average, andcarrying heavy backpacks, were worse than old and middle-aged hunters. However, young hunters still shot animals regardless of the limits of their backpack sizes. The preferences of young hunters for animals were flying squirrels, muntjacs, and rabbits. All these animals were active around the village, and the hunting pressure of this area should be monitored in the future.
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