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Comparison between Conventional and Organic Rice Farmers' Agricultural Behavior, Paradigm and Attitudes in Yuanli Township, Miaoli County
The purpose of this study is to discuss the rice farmer’s farming practice and the agri-cultural paradigm tendency and the reason the obstical to adapt organic farming. In this study, rice farmers in the Yuanli township of Miaoli County are the sample of this survey and 112 rice farmers were selected. This research takes the method of survey study which used the revised alternative-conventional agricultural paradigm (ACAP) scale as the research tool. Our findings showed that the farmers’ farming selection is related to five factors: age, ownership of cultivated land, organic training, full-time or part-time farmers, suffered from poisoning. There are significant differences on Agricultural Paradigm between organic rice farmers and conventional rice farmers. Organic rice farmers have tendency to the organic agricultural paradigm; however, the conventional rice farmers are in favor of part of organic agricultural paradigm. In addition, conventional rice farmers think that farming is first and foremost a business like any other, all they have to do is reduse the using of pesticide and chemical fertilizers. But the organic rice farmers think farming is first of all a way of life and second a business. On the other way, the organic rice farmers think modern agriculture is a major cause of ecological problems and must be greatly modified to become ecologically sound , but the conventional rice farmers think modern agriculture is a minor cause of ecological problems and only needs to be fine-tuned periodically in order to be ecologically sound. The main purpose of growing organic rice is for their health, but the main obstacles are high cost, complicated verification procedures and inadequate government policies.Based on the findings, there are some suggestions provided for relevant government units as below: 1. To increase the farmers’ organic training, and focus on the care of the environment; 2. To provide farmers organic materials and certification fee subsidy; 3. To simplify these forms and procedures for organic certification. 4. To revise financial aid policy for fallow.
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