Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/101170
Title: 中國西南攀枝花火成雜岩之實驗岩石學研究-關於鐵-鈦-釩氧化 礦床成因
An experimental investigation of the Panzhihua igneous complex, SW China-Addressing the genesis of Fe-Ti-V oxide ore deposits
Authors: 謝奈特
J. Gregory Shellnutt
陳氏緣
Tran, thi-duyen
Keywords: 攀枝花
於鐵-鈦-釩氧化礦床
實驗岩石學
Panzhihua
Fe-Ti-V oxide ore deposits
experimental petrology
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: The Late Permian Panzhihua layered gabbroic intrusion of SW China hosts one of the largest magmatic Fe-Ti-V oxide deposits within the Emeishan large igneous province and is coeval with a peralkaline granitic pluton. The largest oxide ore body is found at the base of the intrusion, which is unlike other layered intrusions where the Fe-Ti oxide deposits are located in the uppermost portions. This study attempts to model the genesis of the Panzhihua layered intrusion, including the formation of the ore deposit by reconstructing the crystallization sequence of minerals from low and high-pressure experiments. The starting composition used for the experiment is similar to high-Ti Emeishan basalt that resembles the theoretical parental composition of the Panzhihua intrusion. The low-pressure experiments were conducted between 1312oC and 1102oC. The first mineral to crystallize is Cr-rich titanomagnetite at 1274oC. Following Cr-rich titanomagnetite are: Fe-Ti oxides (ilmenite+titanomagnetite); clinopyroxene (Wo39-52En39-47Fs8-16) at 1188oC; plagioclase (An67-41) and orthopyroxene (Mg# = 93-95) at 1162oC. The compositional range of clinopyroxene and plagioclase matches those measured from the rock of the Panzhihua intrusion. The high-pressure experiments occur between 1240oC and 1050oC. Iron-titanium oxide and clinopyroxene (Wo23-48En37-58Fs10-22) appear together as the first phases at 1180oC. The sequence is followed by orthopyroxene at 1100oC and plagioclase (An61-37) at 1050oC. The experiment results indicate that the early crystallization sequence of the parental magma is dominated by Fe-Ti oxide and partially explain why the largest oxide ore deposit of the Panzhihua intrusion is found in the lowermost layers. The low temperature residual glass compositions in both experiments are enriched in SiO2, Al2O3, Na2O and K2O; and depleted in TiO2, FeOt, MgO and CaO. However, minerals crystallize at relatively low temperature in the high-pressure and consequently have less silicic (SiO2 ≈ 61 wt%) residual glass composition than that of the low-pressure experiment (SiO2 ≈ 72 wt%). The similarity between Panzhihua granite and low-pressure residual glass suggests that the Panzhihua intrusion probably formed at shallow depth. Furthermore, the liquid-crystal evolution constructed from the low-pressure experiment show that a parental magma similar to high-Ti Emeishan basalt can produce an early enrichment of oxide minerals and a silicic residual liquid via fractional crystallization. Keywords: Panzhihua, Fe-Ti-V oxide deposits, experimental petrology
The Late Permian Panzhihua layered gabbroic intrusion of SW China hosts one of the largest magmatic Fe-Ti-V oxide deposits within the Emeishan large igneous province and is coeval with a peralkaline granitic pluton. The largest oxide ore body is found at the base of the intrusion, which is unlike other layered intrusions where the Fe-Ti oxide deposits are located in the uppermost portions. This study attempts to model the genesis of the Panzhihua layered intrusion, including the formation of the ore deposit by reconstructing the crystallization sequence of minerals from low and high-pressure experiments. The starting composition used for the experiment is similar to high-Ti Emeishan basalt that resembles the theoretical parental composition of the Panzhihua intrusion. The low-pressure experiments were conducted between 1312oC and 1102oC. The first mineral to crystallize is Cr-rich titanomagnetite at 1274oC. Following Cr-rich titanomagnetite are: Fe-Ti oxides (ilmenite+titanomagnetite); clinopyroxene (Wo39-52En39-47Fs8-16) at 1188oC; plagioclase (An67-41) and orthopyroxene (Mg# = 93-95) at 1162oC. The compositional range of clinopyroxene and plagioclase matches those measured from the rock of the Panzhihua intrusion. The high-pressure experiments occur between 1240oC and 1050oC. Iron-titanium oxide and clinopyroxene (Wo23-48En37-58Fs10-22) appear together as the first phases at 1180oC. The sequence is followed by orthopyroxene at 1100oC and plagioclase (An61-37) at 1050oC. The experiment results indicate that the early crystallization sequence of the parental magma is dominated by Fe-Ti oxide and partially explain why the largest oxide ore deposit of the Panzhihua intrusion is found in the lowermost layers. The low temperature residual glass compositions in both experiments are enriched in SiO2, Al2O3, Na2O and K2O; and depleted in TiO2, FeOt, MgO and CaO. However, minerals crystallize at relatively low temperature in the high-pressure and consequently have less silicic (SiO2 ≈ 61 wt%) residual glass composition than that of the low-pressure experiment (SiO2 ≈ 72 wt%). The similarity between Panzhihua granite and low-pressure residual glass suggests that the Panzhihua intrusion probably formed at shallow depth. Furthermore, the liquid-crystal evolution constructed from the low-pressure experiment show that a parental magma similar to high-Ti Emeishan basalt can produce an early enrichment of oxide minerals and a silicic residual liquid via fractional crystallization. Keywords: Panzhihua, Fe-Ti-V oxide deposits, experimental petrology
URI: http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=%22http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=id=%22G060244025S%22.&%22.id.&
http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/101170
Other Identifiers: G060244025S
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