Needs assessment is one of the important procedures of instructional design. Nevertheless, most generic instructional design models are weak in this part. In this article, needs was defined as gaps between what is and what should be; and needs assessment was a series of processes involved in identifying needs, ranking these needs and writing their statements. Furthermore, four views of needs was reviewed, seven steps of needs assessment was then discussed. Evaluation criteria for needs assessment procedures were also presented. To ensure the success of instructional activities, needs assessment should be examined thoroughly.
This paper addresses the "Kiasu" and "Takut" phenomena in the singapore education system. It emphasizes the urgent need for teachers and teacher educators to refocus attention on IT as instructional technology and IT as information technology in the midst of rapid changes in the world of work, and in education. To sharpen the use of appropriate technology, it is necessary to re-examine the acts of knowing, learning, and teaching in the light of recent educational research findings. It is also necessary to reconsider current approaches to the process of knowledge and skill construction, application, and collaborative efforts to train high performance learners and learning communities in workplaces.